Hypospadias is a common birth defect in boys where the opening of the urethra is not located at the tip of the penis. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. It is estimated that hypospadias affects about 1 in every 200 boys. The condition is most often diagnosed during a physical exam shortly after birth. 

The exact cause of hypospadias is unknown. In boys with hypospadias, the penis doesn’t look normal and it doesn’t work well. For example, some boys with hypospadias have a curved penis. The abnormal urethral opening causes the spraying and need to sit. The curvature, if severe, can be an issue for sexual function.

Treatment for hypospadias depends on the type of defect your boy has. In most cases, surgery will be recommended to correct the defect. Most hypospadias is mild and actually is more an aesthetic issue than a functional one unless severe. If surgery is elected, it’s usually done when the baby is between the ages of 6–12 months old. 

Some of the repairs performed during the surgery may include placing the opening of the urethra in the right place, correcting the curve in the penis, and repairing the skin around the opening of the urethra. Because your doctor might need to use the foreskin of the penis to make some of the repairs, a boy with significant hypospadias should not be circumcised.

If your son has hypospadias, work with a pediatric urologist to discuss the best plan of action.

For more information on pediatric urology,
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UrologyHealth.org  |  SUMMER 2019  |  UROLOGYHEALTH extra