Hematuria is blood in the urine. There are two types of hematuria. Gross hematuria is when you can see the blood in your urine. Microscopic hematuria is when you can’t see blood in the urine, but it is found with a urine test and seen under a microscope. Most people with microscopic hematuria don’t have symptoms.

There are many causes of hematuria. Some common causes include:

  • Kidney or bladder stones
  • Kidney trauma or injury
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Certain medications like blood thinners or pain relievers

Other more serious causes may include:

  • Enlarged prostate
  • Kidney disease
  • Bladder, kidney or prostate cancer

If you see blood in your urine, tell your doctor. They will want to see you for an exam, where they will review your full health record and have you take a urine test. In some cases, a blood test or ultrasound may also be needed.

Hematuria is treated by getting to the underlying cause. For instance, hematuria caused by a urinary infection is often treated with antibiotics. Hematuria caused by an enlarged prostate may require more tests to determine the best treatment.

For more information, visit UrologyHealth.org

UrologyHealth.org  |  SPRING 2021  |  UROLOGYHEALTH extra